They are the equal, if not main, breadwinner in four out of ten families.
They receive more college and graduate degrees than men.
Yet, on average, women continue to earn considerably less than men.
In 2009, female full-time workers made only 77 cents for every dollar earned by men, a gender wage gap of 23 percent. Women, on average, earn less than men in virtually every single occupation for which there is sufficient earnings data for both men and women to calculate an earnings .
IWPR tracks the over time. According to our research, if change continues at the same slow pace as it has done for the past fifty years, it will take almost another fifty (until 2057) for women to finally reach pay parity. IWPR’s project on sex and race discrimination in the workplace shows that outright discrimination in pay, hiring, or promotions continues to be a significant feature of working life.
Pay equity may also be impacted by other more subtle factors than workplace discrimination. IWPR’s research shows that, irrespective of the level of qualification, jobs predominantly done by women on average than jobs predominantly done by men.
Women have made tremendous strides during the last few decades by moving into jobs and occupations previously done almost exclusively by men - yet during the last decade there has been very little further progress in the gender integration of work. This persistent occupational segregation is likely to be a significant contributor to the lack of significant progress in closing the wage gap.
-From the Institute for Women's Policy Research